This plaza is called Krakowskie Przedmiescie, which is an extension of the Nowy Swiat Street and culminates the Royal Route. King Zygmunt's Column dominates the plaza called Plac Zamkowy (Castle Square). The column standing in the center of Castle Square is the oldest secular memorial in Warsaw. It is dedicated to King Zygmunt III Waza, who transferred his residence to Warsaw in 1596. The column was erected in 1644, on the orders of the king's son, King Wladyslaw IV. The granite main column rises from a tall plinth and supports a bronze figure of King Zygmunt holding a cross in one hand and a sword in the other. This impressive statue was the work of Clemente Molli, while the column and base were designed by two famous Italian architects who worked for many years for the kings of Poland: Agostino Locci the Elder and Constantino Tencalla. 

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